[Spring Exhibition] Masaki Art Museum Masterpieces
Masaki Art Museum in Tadaoka-cho, Senboku-gun, Osaka, holds a wide range of tea ceremony utensils, Buddhist art works and archeological materials, especially medieval ink paintings and calligraphy.
This is the 13th exhibition at the atrium on the 25th floor of the Park Hotel Tokyo. This time, we will introduce works from our Buddhist art collection. Since Buddhism was transmitted to Japan around the 6th century, it spread far and wide, and had a great influence on the society and culture of our country.
We would be delighted if you would experience the beliefs of the people down through the ages which are intertwined with these works.[Date] March 16 (Fri.) ～ June 14, 2018 (Thu.)
[Place] Atrium, Park Hotel Tokyo (25F)
[Fare] Free of Charge
[About the Masterpieces]
1 Standing Buddha at Birth China, Song Dynasty
2 Standing Buddha at Birth Hakuho Period
When Buddha was born from the right side of his mother Maya, he advanced seven steps, and pointing to heaven with his right hand, and pointing to the ground with his left hand, he chanted “Tenjo Tenge Yuiga Dokuson“. This means that not only I am precious; all living things are precious.
Works 1 and 2 are statues both based on this anecdote. In particular, Work 2 was made in Japan around the 7th-8th centuries. The youthful facial expression, slender body and thin hands, pleats and arrangement of the skirt from the waist down, and the waist cord, are characteristic of Hakuho Buddha (Buddha images made in the Hakuho period). The copper-plated gilding is relatively well-preserved, and even today it still evokes the appearance of that time.
3 Gilt Bronze Censer in the Shape of a Lotus, Sa-hari (copper alloy) Heian Period
Sa-hari is a yellow-white alloy, mainly of copper with tin and silver, also referred to as Kyodo due to the sound it makes when struck.
This censer was originally gilded. Today, only part of the gilt remains, but it is believed that the entire surface was gilded when it was made. The pedestal has two overlays of lotus petals, while the body and lid each have three overlays of lotus petals. At the top of the lid, there are lotus petal openings to release incense, and the lid grip is fashioned like an oversized lotus bud.
4 Brass Gokosho Club Muromachi Period
Gokosho a type of Buddhist artifact called kongosho (vajra), and is said to have been made based on weapons of Indian mythology. They were transmitted from China to Japan from the Nara period to the Heian period, and were used in esoteric Buddhism and Zen. They have a pattern with a central decoration called kimoku, and blades attached to both ends. Depending on the number and shape of these blades, they are called by various names such as dokkosho, gokosho and nanakosho.
This work has a design with a trefoil floral pattern engraved in kimoku, bordered by three lines to the left and right. It is a gokosho with four blades arranged around the center blade. The blades do not overhang to the outside, and the overall aspect is rather slim.
5 Fudo Myoo (Acala) Heian Period
Fudo Myoo (Acala) is a religious statue worshipped in esoteric Buddhism, also called the incarnation of Dainichi Nyorai. The statue usually has a Goma (a demon-fighting sword) in the right hand, and a kensaku (a rope which is a symbol of salvation of mankind) in the left hand.
Originally, it was of gilded bronze, and now most of it is covered with rust, but you can see the marks of garments and yoraku (jewelry with gems) on the breast. Some traces of gilding also remain. On the face, the tip of the nasal bridge are missing, but you can see that it has a severe look with wide-open eyes and thick eyebrows. Holes can be seen at the top of the head and in the right hand, and as the left palm facing upwards was shaven flat, it probably held accessories and belongings (usually held in the hands of Buddhist statues).